One of the most significant achievements in digital technology will be the creation of smart cities, the future of smart cities, and international societies’ accomplishments in the twenty-first century. Already, previously unimagined services made possible by digital are making people’s daily lives in various cities easier, more satisfying, and safer. However, the transformation of our cities has just started. Moreover, the pace of progress and innovation isn’t likely to slow down in the future as citizens’ expectations rise, urban populations keep growing, energy efficiency and sustainability become more important, and government systems get better over time.
Foreseeing every single IoT application that could develop in the future is impossible. However, many noteworthy applications are presented in the sections that follow. As more than 60% of the world’s population is predicted to reside in urban areas by 2025, urbanisation as a trend will have varying effects and influences on future individual lives and mobility. The rapid extension of city borders, caused by an increase in population and better infrastructure, would force cities to engulf their neighbouring daughter cities and establish megacities with populations of over 10 million people each.
There will be 30 megacities worldwide by 2023, with 55% located in developing nations like Russia, China, and India. Eight innovative elements, comprising the Smart Economy, Smart Buildings, Smart Mobility, Smart Energy, Smart Information Communication and Technology, Smart Planning, Smart Citizen, and Smart Governance, will lead to the growth of smart cities. By 2025, there will be roughly 40 smart cities on the planet.
By utilising technology and incorporating critical services such as managing citizen data, intelligent transportation, public safety, and security, a smart city aims to improve the quality of life for its population. Smart city deployments primarily include a variety of features, cutting-edge technologies (ICT implementations), and a variety of ecosystems of technology suppliers. The “Internet of Things” concept will come to life due to several devices, including sensors, gateways, communication infrastructure, and servers. This technology will play a crucial role in determining future cities’ appearance.
Many of the characteristics mentioned above and the advantages of the Smart Cities Initiative fall short of the genuine and palpable good that can result from its implementation. Therefore, the Smart City Vision’s primary purpose should be to develop laws and regulations that dynamically establish national standards for urban living.
As metropolitan areas worldwide work to develop communities where people want to live, learn, and play and where corporations desire to invest, intelligent cities are swiftly becoming a reality. Smart Cities, such as Songdo, Barcelona, and Lake Nona, use information technology, network communications, including the Internet, and sensors to automate routine processes and provide quick, wise decision-making for dramatically increasing efficiency and lowering costs in current functions and processes.
Governments and citizens are much more intimately connected in smart cities. They address a wide range of urban challenges, from environmental sustainability to job creation and economic growth, and they provide the support infrastructure needed to deliver new services.
Eighty per cent of the world’s population, projected to reach nearly nine billion people by 2050, will live in cities. Over half of the world’s seven billion people live in cities today. While just making up 2% of the planet’s total surface area, cities are the primary consumer of 80% of its natural resources. The old methods cities rely on to supply resources are unsustainable, as are the growing growth of cities and their excessive consumption of physical and social resources. Local action is essential for reaching a low-carbon future even as urbanisation continues to increase global carbon emissions.
Urban areas can be made smarter and more connected to the rest of the world to improve quality of life, ensure sustainability, and make the best use of available resources.